The Joint Commission (TJC) has concluded that it is not acceptable to use secure text messaging for patient care orders. Industry experts weighed in on the pros and cons of implementing secure text orders, and the impact on patient safety remained unclear. Therefore, TJC and the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) were both opposed to this practice. Their three main reasons were:
1. Texted orders would require nurses to manually transcribe them into the electronic health record (EHR) system, creating a burden that may harm their ability to care for patients.
2. Whereas verbal orders allow for real-time clarification, texted orders create an additional communication step that may make clarification more difficult.
3. If a clinical decision support recommendation or alert is triggered during order entry, a person manually entering a text order into the EHR would have to contact the ordering practitioner through an additional step, resulting in delayed treatment.
Secure texting can be HIPAA-compliant, as long as you have appropriate safeguards, policies and procedures, and properly trained staff. However, if you are subject to TJC accreditation or seeking it, you cannot text patient care orders. TJC and CMS will provide future guidance as needed on this issue.